BU 113 Stakeholder Assignment
BU 113 - Ethics Research
Topic: Apple Supplier Pollution Controversy
Cooper, D. (2013, Aug 04). "WSJ: China investigating Foxconn and others over river pollution." Engadget. http://www.engadget.com.
Environmental group spurs investigation-China Beat. (2013, Aug 05). http://www.bon.tv/China-take
Steps in Making Ethical Decisions
1.Gather the relevant factual info
2.Analyze the facts to determine the most appropriate moral values
3.Make an ethical judgement based on the right or wrong of the activity or policy
Research session coverage:
- Keywords to use in your searches
- Research resources
- Citing sources - APA Style-- in-text citations
- Business ethics journals
- Evaluating and selecting sources
Sample search from the business ABI-INFORM search: apple foxconn china pollution
Sample search from the business Discovery search: foxconn apple "social responsibility" pollution
Keywords: search with words that identify your specific topic; adapt your searches as needed
foxconn pollution apple
foxconn china environment
foxconn china environment pollution
apple foxconn "social responsibility"
Databases for Periodicals, Newspapers, SWOTs, Analyst Reports
Business Subject Guide - Listing of databases for business and company research
Discovery search tool on the business "research by subject" page searches multiple business databases
Journal / Magazine Databases
Business Source Complete provides Datamonitor SWOT reports for companies in addition to news articles and in-depth articles from academic journals and the popular press
sample magazine article (trade magazine) from BSC:
Brown, G. (2011). Corporate social responsibility: What is it good for? Industrial Safety & Hygiene News, 45(5), 34-36.
provides access to articles, company, market and industry reports
sample newspaper and magazine articles from ABI-INFORM:
Mozur, P. (2013, Aug 04). China scrutinizes 2 apple suppliers in pollution probe; move follows claims of heavy-metal discharge from plants run by UniMicron, Hon Hai. Wall Street Journal (Online). Retrieved from http://search.proquest.com/docview/1417540539?accountid=13909.
Mont, J. (2013). Investors pushing for human rights committees. Compliance Week, 10 (111), 34-35. Retrieved from http://search.proquest.com/docview/1369798422?accountid=13909.
sample scholarly journal articles from ABI-INFORM:
Lamin, A., & Zaheer, S. (2012). Wall street vs. main street: Firm strategies for defending legitimacy and their impact on different stakeholders. Organization Science, 23 (1), 47-66. Retrieved from http://search.proquest.com/docview/922974594?accountid=13909.
Lemke, F., & Petersen, H. L. (2013). Teaching reputational risk management in the supply chain. Supply Chain Management, 18 (4), 413-429. doi:http://dx.doi.org/10.1108/SCM-06-2012-0222.
Wall Street Journal database with access to full text of newspaper
New York Times database with access to full text of newspaper
Local Newspapers - providing articles from regional publications
ABI/INFORM Dateline provides access to articles from regional publications
Ethnic Newswatch provides access to publications from ethnic and minority groups
Lexis Nexis provides access to news publications including U.S. regions and cities
Analyst Reports providing information for stockholders / investors
Morningstar company / stock analysis; search for company names such as Apple or Hon Hai
Valueline one page analysis on companies; search for Apple
Business Source Complete indepth company report on Foxconn: Hon Hai Precision
Business Insights Essentials search a company report for Apple or Hon Hai Precision
Hoovers Company Profiles search this database using a company name
- Citing Sources - APA Style
Reference Citations – The format required at SMC for business writing is APA Style. You may use the following methods to create your Reference List:
A. Use the APA citations provided by the library databases you search
Example article citations from an EBSCO databases:
Alterman, E. (2011). Steve Jobs: An American 'disgrace'. Nation, 293 (22), 9.
Barboza, D. (2010, June 7). Foxconn increases size of raise in Chinese factories. New York Times, 1.
Bush, M. (2010). Foxconn crisis proves need for global PR. Advertising Age, 81(40), 6.
Example of citation format for a web document:
Author, A. A., & Author, B. B. (Date of publication). Title of document. Retrieved from http://web address.
Henn, S. (2012, March 30). Apple Foxconn to improve factory conditions. Retrieved from www.npr.org.
Example of a company report from Valueline:
Name of company. (2011, date). Valueline Investment Survey: Ratings and Reports, Issue Number. Retrieved from http://www.valueline.com.
B. Refer to the APA Manual in the library or the APA Online Guide from Purdue University. See Electronic citations
This quick guide from the Purdue University Online Writing Lab (OWL) presents examples using the most recent edition (6th) of the Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association (Washington, DC: American Psychological Association, 2009).
Link to business instructor's citation guide
C. Use Citation Builder to "build" a citation
D. In-text/parathentical Citations
Example - According to Jones (1998), APA style is a difficult citation format for first-time learners.
Example - It is not surprising to learn that "students often had difficulty using APA style" (Jones, 1998, p. 199).
Two or More Authors
Example of in-text paraphrase: Research supports the view that oil spills cause long term damage (Wegener & Petty, 1994).
If the work does not have an author, cite the source by its title in the signal phrase or use the first word or two in the parentheses. Titles of books and reports are italicized or underlined; titles of articles, chapters, and web pages are in quotation marks.
Example - A similar study was done of students learning to format research papers ("Using APA," 2001).
E. RefWorks allows you to import references from online databases, organize your references into folders, and then create bibliographies. You can select from a variety of style forms (eg APA, MLA). RefWorks is free to the SMC community and available from any computer with Internet access.
Business and professional ethics journal - Print subscription available in the SMC library
Online subscriptions to ethics journals available through SMC library databases are listed below:
Harvard Business Review
Business ethics (Oxford, England)
Business Ethics Quarterly
Ethix: the bulletin of the Institute for business ethics
Journal of academic and business ethics
Journal of business ethics
Journal of international business ethics
Journal of religion and business ethics
Teaching business ethics
Currency: When was the article, book, video, or Internet source written or produced. Does your research topic require current sources of information or historical primary sources?
Relevance: Does the source you have located address your specific topic or research question? Is the coverage of the material too general to be of use to you?
Authority: To determine the authority of the source, ask yourself who is the author of the article--is the individual a reporter, another student, an educator, a researcher, a scholar, a subject specialist? Look for information about the author or explore the authority of the source with your professor or a librarian.
Accuracy: Compare the article or book to other sources that you have located on your topic. Does the information seem credible? How does it compare to other readings on your subject? Who is taking responsibility for the information provided? Has the information been published by a credible source?
Purpose: Is the material written from a biased point of view? Has the document been written to persuade or to inform?
"Evaluating Information - Applying the CRAAP Test." (2004). Meriam Library,
California State University. Retrieved from
Place, E., Kendall, M., Hiom, D., Booth, H., Ayres, P., Manuel, A., Smith, P. (2008). "Internet
Detective: Wise up to the Web." Intute Virtual Training Suite. Retrieved from