library wide

HI 121 Modern Middle East

Starting Points

Encyclopedia of the Modern Middle East and North Africa
Reference DS 43 .E53 2004 (4 volumes)

Oxford Encyclopedia of the Islamic World
Reference DS 35.53 .O96 2009 (5 volumes)

Encyclopedias on individual countries can be found in Reference DS.

To search all encyclopedias at SMC use Reference Universe

Find Secondary Sources

To find books in the library search the Library Catalog 

To find books at other libraries search WorldCat 

Find Primary Sources

1.  Search the Library Catalog to find primary sources in the SMC Library.  Put in the topic you are interested in along with one of the following terms:

  • sources
  • personal narratives
  • documentary history

A documentary history you might find useful is:

The Contemporary Middle East: A Documentary History
Reference DS 42 .F44 2008

To find books at other libraries, search WorldCat .  You can use the Year feature to limit to books published at a particular time.

To find online books use Google Book Search .  This contains the full text of books written before 1923 and excerpts of many books written later.  You can use the Custom Range date feature to limit to books published at a particular time.

2.  The following websites have collections of primary source material about the Middle East:

National Security Archive (George Washington University)

Modern History Source Book: Middle East since 1914 (Fordham University)

Middle East Issues: Arab-Israeli Conflict (

Documents Related to the Middle East (Mt. Holyoke)

The Middle East 1916-2001 : A Documentary Record (Yale University)

Middle East and Islamic Studies Guide (New York University)

Women in World History (George Mason University)

Middle East Media Research Institute

Cite Sources

Chicago Manual of Style
Citation guide.  American English style, grammar and punctuation with prescribed writing and citation styles. 

Chicago Style Citation Quick Guide
Citation examples from the Chicago Style website

The Chicago Manual of Style
REF Z 253.U69
Print version of style used by the History Department at Saint Michael's College.

Maintained by John Payne

Learn What Matters