Applied Linguistics

applied linguistics

All humans use language, in one form or another. As the scientific study of human language, linguistics is almost universally relevant.

The Applied Linguistics Minor prepares students for a wide variety of fields and gives them excellent critical insight into and fluency with the world’s foremost currency. Students benefit from the minor in several ways: foreign language majors will have a better foundation for and grasp of what it means to learn another tongue; Study Abroad students will have practice conversing and working with international students as tutors and/or conversation partners; those interested in teaching can hone their skills with second language learners in the English Language Programs; and students interested in any career with an international communication component will develop strong cross-cultural sensitivities and instincts.

As an Applied Linguistics minor, you'll come to understand what human languages have in common, their relationships with and influences on societies and cultures, and a deep understanding of grammar and its meaning.

Applied Linguistics minors will cover subjects such as phonology, morphology, syntax, and semantics, first and second language acquisition, and representation in the mind. Courses include:

  • Introduction to Language and Lingustics
  • Structure of the English Language
  • Intercultural Communication
  • Languages of the World
  • Seminar in TESL/TEFL Methodology

Mahmoud Arani, PhD

Chair of Applied Linguistics/TESOL Department

Contact Professor Arani

Saint Edmund's Hall 117
Box 253
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Ph.D. State University of New York at Buffalo
B.A. Teachers' Training University, Tehran, Iran

I am the chair of the Applied Linguistics Department (ALD) and a professor of Applied Linguistics/TESOL. My areas of research interest are in second language acquisition, reading and writing in a second language, the application of discourse/error analysis in teaching reading/writing and developing communicative instructional materials for ESL/EFL students and teacher trainers. Over the years, I have taught a variety of both graduate and undergraduate courses, including second language acquisition, grammar, discourse/error analysis, teaching reading/writing in a second language, and theory and method in teaching a second language.

I am also interested in peace and justice issues, teach a first-year seminar on peace and justice every year, and coordinate the Peace and Justice Minor Program at Saint Michael's College.

Christine Bauer-Ramazani

Instructor of TESOL, Director of English Language Programs

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Saint Edmund's Hall 127
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B.A. University of Trier, Germany
M.A. University of Mainz, Germany
M.B.A. University of Vermont
M.Ed., University of Missouri

Areas of Expertise

Online learning and teaching; teacher training; teaching English as a second language; English for special purposes (business and academic); content-based and sheltered instruction

Sean Dailey, M.A.

Instructor of Applied Linguistics

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Saint Edmund's Hall 128
Box 253
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B.A., Journalism and Mass Communications, Saint Michael's College
M.A., Teaching English to Speakers of Other Languages, Saint Michael's College

Areas of Expertise:

Teaching English to Speakers of Other Languages
Placement and Assessment
Educational Technology
Second Language Teacher Education
Intercultural Communication

Courses I Teach:

Advanced English Grammar
English for Academic Purposes
Core, Oral Skills, and Special Topics
Intercultural Communication
Independent Study


Dan Evans, PhD

Associate Professor of Applied Linguistics/TESOL

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Saint Edmund's Hall 137
Box 253
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Bachelor of Journalism, University of Missouri
M.A. and PhD, University of Texas at Austin

Dan started his long career in English language teaching as a Peace Corps volunteer in South Korea in 1971-73 and has been involved in the field ever since.  He is delighted to be able to continue his relationship with Peace Corps by administering two Saint Michael’s programs – Peace Corps Master’s International and Peace Corps Prep.  Before joining the faculty of Saint Michael’s College, he spent 10 years teaching in South Korea and Japan.

Areas of Expertise:

Second-language acquisition theory and methods, attitudes and motivation in second-language learning, acquisition of suprasegmental features of pronunciation, English phonology, and pronunciation teaching.

Courses I Teach:

Theory and Method in Language Teaching
Teaching Oral Skills in ESL/EFL
Practicum II
Peace Corps Orientation Seminar
Various language courses within the English Language Programs

Raichle Farrelly, Ph.D.

Assistant Professor of Applied Linguistics

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Saint Edmund's Hall 126
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M.A., Linguistics, University of Utah
Ph.D., Linguistics, University of Utah

Raichle ‘Rai’ Farrelly is an Assistant Professor in the Applied Linguistics Department and MA TESOL Program at St. Michael’s College in Vermont, USA, where she offers courses on a range of topics, including language teaching methods, teaching practicum, foundations of linguistics, teaching adult emergent readers, and content-based instruction. Her professional interests include second language teacher education, reflective teaching, community engaged learning, and teaching refugee-background adults. In addition to courses in the MA TESOL Program, she currently teaches English as an additional language for adult refugee-background students through the Vermont Refugee Resettlement Program. She has presented extensively on a range of pedagogical topics at national and international conferences. In addition to peer-reviewed articles and chapters, Raichle co-authored the book Fostering International Student Success and co-edited a volume for Multilingual Matters entitled Educating Refugee-background Students: Critical Issues and Diverse Contexts

In addition to her professional interests, Raichle is the Executive Director of the nonprofit organization, Girls Education International ( and the co-founder of the nonprofit organization, Project Wezesha (, both of which strive to increase access to education for children in remote regions of Pakistan and Tanzania. Raichle lives in Underhill, VT with her dog (Lumen), two cats (Mia and Finn) and seven hens.

Areas of Expertise:

Language Teacher Education
Reflective Teaching
Curriculum Design
Teaching Refugee-Background Students

Visit her website:

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Courses Taught, which now include:

GSL 542/AL 310 Introduction to Language Teaching
AL 250 Intercultural Communication
GSL 500 Foundations of Linguistics 
GSL 547 ESOL in the Content Areas 
GSL 688 Practicum II 
GSL 689 (ST) Teaching Adult Emergent Readers 
GED 655 Student Teacher Supervision 

Richard Gamache, M.Ed

Associate Professor of Applied Linguistics/TESOL

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Saint Edmund's Hall 115
Box 253
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B.A., M.Ed. Saint Michael’s College

My Saint Michael's:

I hope my St. Edmund's Hall office, which I've been in for 15 years, is a welcoming space for students, faculty and staff, many of whom stop in for a cup of coffee (I brew a 50-cup coffee urn every day) regularly. In addition to the coffee pot, there's a blackboard (yes blackboard, not whiteboard) on one of my walls which students have signed in on, almost ceremoniously, for years at some point during their stay. Of late, I have lots of gardening tools in my office that we are all using to help plant and maintain the International Garden. One corner of the office is beginning to look like a garden shed!

Christina Mager

Instructor of Applied Linguistics, Associate Director of English Language Programs

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Saint Edmund's Hall 125
Box 343
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MATESOL, Saint Michael's College
B.S. Psychology, Saint Michael's College

Areas of Expertise:


Courses I Teach:

Practicum 1
Intensive English Program
Academic English Program

Jonah Moos, T.E.F.L. M.A.

Instructor of Applied Linguistics
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B.A., University of Massachusetts, Amherst
T.E.F.L. M.A., American University in Cairo

Areas of Expertise:

Educational Technology

Courses I Teach:

Academic English
Presentation Skills
Speaking and Listening
Core Academic Skills


Benjamin White, M.Ed., Ph.D.

Assistant Professor of Applied Linguistics, Director of MATESOL Program
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Ph.D., Michigan State University
M.Ed., University of Massachusetts, Amherst
M.A., UCL School of Slavonic and East European Studies
A.B., University of Miami

Courses I Teach:

  • Advanced Grammar for Writing
  • Foundations of Linguistics
  • Principles of Testing and Assessment in Language Teaching
  • Second Language Acquisition
  • Teaching of Oral Skills in ESOL
  • Theory and Method in Second Language Teaching

Areas of Expertise:

Pedagogical Grammar, Second Language Acquisition, Cognitive Linguistics, and Sociocultural Theory


Elizabeth O'Dowd, PhD

Professor of Applied Linguistics/TESOL, Emeritus

Contact Professor O'Dowd

Saint Edmund's Hall 122
Box 253
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M.A., Ph.D. University of Colorado at Boulder
M.A. New Mexico State University
B.A. University of Lancaster, England

Elizabeth O’Dowd is a professor in the Applied Linguistics Department and Director of TESOL Programs. Her PhD in Linguistics comes from The University of Colorado at Boulder. She has taught English to speakers of other languages for many years in a variety of settings ranging from K-12 to farm workers to higher education. Before coming to SMC, she lived and taught in England, the Spanish Basque Country, and the Southwest U.S.   She has also presented or provided teacher-training workshops in many countries around the world. Her research interests are functional grammar, academic reading and writing, and World English. She is author of Prepositions and Particles in English: A Discourse-Functional Account with Oxford University Press, and co-author of a textbook, Grammar Links 2, with Houghton-Mifflin. She has published articles in peer-reviewed journals, most recently including ‘Tackling text types through grammar’ for the journal Writing and Pedagogy, forthcoming in Winter 2017.

Areas of Expertise:

Teaching English to speakers of other languages; English grammar and discourse structure; World English

Courses Taught include:

  • Bilingualism and Multicultural Education
  • English Grammar
  • Introduction to Language and Linguistics

My Saint Michael's:

Saint Michael's is a small enough community that you know most people you see when you cross campus. But it's large enough that we have a great variety of research interests and expertise, as well as the opportunity to hook up for cross-disciplinary work. The faith-based tradition allows faculty and students to explore moral issues and clarify their values more holistically than you would find at a public academic institution.

My students seem the most inspired when they are learning how different languages work - for example, how the same "word" said with different tones in Chinese or Vietnamese might mean five completely different things; or learning about "mystery" languages like Basque, which has no known relatives and is nothing like its neighboring languages, French and Spanish.

What I like most about Saint Michael’s students is their commitment to service - at least 70 percent of them do some kind of outreach either through their coursework or voluntarily - and their close solidarity with each other.

Since the Applied Linguistics Department deals with teaching English as a second or international language, it is the best place to make friends with international students, whether graduate, undergraduate, or short-stay intensive English students. Because we're also a receiving center for Fulbright scholarships, some of our students come from countries that rarely send visitors to the U.S. - for example, Niger, Afghanistan, Mozambique, Iraq, Rwanda, Palestine, and Turkmenistan, to name a few.

Our Applied Linguistics minor enhances the academic experience of any student, especially those studying modern languages, English, education, and journalism, or those who are thinking about a career in teaching or writing.

If you want to pursue an advanced degree in the language or linguistics field, Saint Michael’s offers a Master’s degree in Teaching English as a Second Language. You can choose from six programs taught here: Master of Arts in TESOL, Peace Corps Master’s International Program, Master of Arts in TESOL with ESL Licensure, Master of Arts in TESOL with ESL Endorsement, Additional ESL Endorsement, or Graduate Certificate in TESOL.

Applied Lingustics majors will necessarily achieve a deep understanding and facility with language. That understanding is invaluable in almost any career and directly applicable to important skill sets like communication and critical thinking.

Graduates go on to succeed in careers like teaching, writing, journalism, theatre, or Law, among others.

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